GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA
Covering an area of 3.28 million sq kilometers, India it is the seventh largest country in the world. The mainland of India extends between 8? 4 ' N and 37? 6' North Latitude and 68? 7 ' and 97? 25 ' East Longitudes.
The Tropic of Cancer 23? 30 ' N divides India almost into two halves. The land frontier of the country is 15, 200 km and the total length of the coastline is 7, 517 kilometers.
Indian peninsula tapers southward resulting in the division of the Indian Ocean into two water bodies - the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. In India, there is a great diversity of landforms such as lofty mountains, deep valleys, extensive plains, and a number of islands.
Broadly the physical features of India can be divided into five physical units - The Great Mountains of the North, The North Indian Plain, The Peninsular Plateau, The Coastal Plains, and The Islands.